Megan’s Law, which has been in effect since the mid-90’s, requires individuals convicted of certain sexually violent offenses, as enumerated in Title 42, Section 9799.14, to register with the Pennsylvania State Police. An updated version of this law was signed and will go into effect this year. Some of the most significant changes in the law deal with the treatment of juvenile offenders, out-of-state offenders, and homeless offenders. Additionally, Pennsylvania adopted the federal ‘Adam Walsh Act’ which places offenders into a three-tiered system. The new law also expands the list of qualifying offenses and requires additional registration information.
The federal tier-system, which this new law adopts, designates the length of time an individual is required to register dependant upon which Tier he/she falls into. The statute divides individuals into three tiers, depending on the seriousness of the crime committed. Tier I must register for fifteen years, tier II for 25 and tier III offenders must register for life. An offender who initially falls into Tier I or II could find himself or herself registered for life if he/she is convicted of two or more offenses under Tier I or II.
Juvenile offenders and sexually violent delinquent children are required to appear at an approved registration site, verify their information, and have their photograph taken quarterly. They must also register for life.
Homeless offenders are now required to report in person to the Pennsylvania State Police every thirty days to be photographed and provide a list of locations where they may be found, such as parks, buildings, libraries, etc.
Out-of-state offenders must comply with Pennsylvania’s registration laws. This would apply to anyone who currently resides in Pennsylvania, or is employed or is a student in Pennsylvania.
The required registration information is as follows:
- Name and any aliases
- Internet and social media site names and monikers
- Email and internet routing information
- Phone numbers, including cell phone numbers
- Social Security Number
- Address, or if homeless, temporary places of abode, P.O. boxes, places they receive mail, and any places they frequent or engage in leisure activity including any homeless shelter or park.
- Place of temporary lodging, including place of stay when they leave the state or county for vacation.
- Passports and documents establishing immigration status.
- Name and address of employers, including area of travel if not fixed.
- Occupational and professional license information
- Name and address of school
- Motor vehicle license and registration information
- Date of Birth
The following information will be included of a public internet database:
- Name and any aliases
- Home address
- Work address
- Current and future school address
- License plate and description of any vehicle owned or operated
- Individual’s physical description
- Text of the statute the individual was convicted of violating
- A current photograph
- A statement of whether the individual is in compliance with the registration requirements.